Zantedeschia aethiopica 'Crowborough,' also known as Arum Lily or Calla Lily, is a herbaceous perennial plant that belongs to the Araceae family. It is native to southern Africa and is widely cultivated for its beautiful white flowers and attractive foliage. Here's a detailed description and care guide for Zantedeschia aethiopica 'Crowborough':
Zantedeschia aethiopica 'Crowborough' forms clumps of large, glossy, arrow-shaped leaves that grow from rhizomes. The leaves are usually deep green in color and have prominent veins. The plant produces tall flower stalks, called spathes, that bear a single, large white flower with a yellow spadix in the center. The spathe is usually trumpet-shaped and can reach up to 15-30 cm (6-12 inches) in length. The flowers bloom in late spring or early summer and last for several weeks. They are followed by the development of red or orange berries.
Light: Zantedeschia aethiopica 'Crowborough' prefers bright, indirect light or partial shade. Avoid exposing the plant to direct sunlight, especially during the hottest part of the day, as it can scorch the leaves. Place the plant in a location with filtered sunlight or dappled shade for best results.
Water: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Arum Lilies prefer moist soil and will suffer if the soil becomes too dry. Water regularly, especially during periods of hot, dry weather. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot. Ensure good drainage to prevent waterlogged conditions.
Soil: Provide well-draining, rich, and fertile soil for Zantedeschia aethiopica 'Crowborough.' It thrives in loamy or sandy soil that retains moisture while allowing excess water to drain away. If growing in containers, use a well-draining potting mix that is rich in organic matter.
Temperature: This plant is hardy in USDA hardiness zones 8-10. It prefers moderate temperatures and does well in a range of climates. In colder regions, it can be grown as a container plant and brought indoors during winter or treated as an annual. Protect the plant from frost and extreme temperature fluctuations.
Fertilizer: Apply a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 2-3 weeks during the growing season to promote healthy growth and blooming. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for proper dosage and application. Avoid overfertilization, as it can lead to excessive foliage growth with fewer flowers.
Maintenance: Remove any spent flowers or yellowing foliage to maintain a tidy appearance. After the flowering season, allow the plant to go dormant naturally. Reduce watering and stop fertilizing during the dormant period. In spring, as new growth emerges, resume regular care and watering.
Propagation: Zantedeschia aethiopica 'Crowborough' can be propagated through division or from seeds. Divide the rhizomes in early spring or fall, ensuring that each division has a few healthy shoots and roots. Sow seeds in well-draining soil and keep them consistently moist until germination occurs.
Pests and Diseases: Arum Lilies are generally resistant to pests and diseases. However, they can occasionally be affected by aphids, slugs, or snails. Monitor the plant regularly and take appropriate measures to control pests if necessary.
Zantedeschia aethiopica 'Crowborough' is a stunning plant that adds elegance and beauty to gardens and containers. Its large white flowers and lush foliage make it a popular choice for both indoor and outdoor settings. By following these care guidelines, you can successfully grow Zantedeschia aethiopica 'Crowborough' and enjoy its striking blooms and attractive foliage.