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Houseplant propagation guides

How to propagate houseplants in moss

by Plants for all Seasons 07 Mar 2023

Propagating a houseplant cutting in moss is an alternative method to propagate a houseplant. This method works well for plants that require high humidity and for those that grow naturally in mossy environments. Here are the detailed steps to propagate a houseplant cutting in moss:

  1. Choose a healthy stem: Select a healthy stem from the parent plant that is at least 4-6 inches long and has several leaves on it. Choose a stem that is free from disease or damage and is growing vigorously.

  2. Prepare the cutting: Use a clean, sharp knife or scissors to cut the stem just below a node, which is where the leaf attaches to the stem. The cutting should be at least 4-6 inches long, and it should have at least one or two leaves attached to the top of the stem. Remove the leaves from the bottom one-third to one-half of the stem.

  3. Prepare the moss: Soak sphagnum moss in water until it is completely saturated. Squeeze out excess water so that the moss is damp but not dripping wet.

  4. Wrap the cutting in moss: Take a handful of damp moss and wrap it around the bottom of the stem, covering the bare stem and the nodes where the leaves were removed. Wrap the moss tightly around the stem, making sure that it is in contact with the stem all the way around.

  5. Secure the moss: Tie a piece of string or twine tightly around the moss to hold it in place. The string should be tight enough to keep the moss in place but not so tight that it cuts into the stem.

  6. Provide the right environment: Place the cutting in a bright, warm location, but out of direct sunlight. Cover the moss and stem with a plastic bag or clear plastic wrap to create a humid environment. This will help the cutting to establish itself and promote root growth.

  7. Wait for roots to grow: Roots should begin to grow in 2-4 weeks. You may notice small bumps or nodules appearing on the stem, which are the beginning of root growth.

  8. Plant the cutting: Choose a small pot with well-draining soil, and make a small hole in the center. Gently remove the moss from the stem, being careful not to damage the delicate roots. Place the cutting into the soil and gently press the soil around the stem.

  9. Care for the new plant: Water the new plant thoroughly, and place it in a bright, warm location, but out of direct sunlight. Keep the soil evenly moist, but not waterlogged. With proper care, your new plant should grow and thrive!

Propagating a houseplant cutting in moss is a great way to create new plants and expand your collection. This method can be particularly effective for plants that require high humidity, such as ferns and tropical plants. With a little patience and care, you can enjoy the satisfaction of watching your cutting grow and develop into a healthy, thriving plant.

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